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The sanctions that the United States placed on Iran officially began at the start of this month. The Trump administration believed the original Iran nuclear deal was not in the best interest for America. Until a new deal can be reached, sanctions will remain on Iran. President Trump believes the sanctions will be enough to cause Iran’s influence in the Middle East to deteriorate and will force the Iranian government to work a new nuclear deal. The sanctions that have been placed on Iran are meant to punish any corporation that does business with Iran and to hurt the oil exporters, due to the fact Iran is a large oil producer. There are many who feel that sanctions will ultimately lead to higher oil prices around the world. The Trump administration feels that this round of sanctions will be enough for America to achieve its objective with Iran without driving up the price of oil. Geologist and financial advisor Matt Badiali is predicting that the sanctions placed on Iran are eventually going to result in higher oil prices, meaning the American consumer is going to be hit financially.
Many were surprised because after the sanctions went into effect, the market did not react to the sanctions and remained stable. According to Matt Badiali, the oil market did not make its move yet because there are eight countries that the United States has allowed to continue making oil purchases from Iran for another six months. After the six months, the United States says these countries must comply with the sanctions placed on Iran and will no longer be able to purchase Iranian oil. Matt Badiali is predicting that after six months, Iran’s oil exports will drop by 900,000 barrels of oil a day. Venezuela is going through economic chaos and is producing 600,000 barrels of oil a day less than it did just a year ago. Mr. Badiali is anticipating that Venezuela’s oil production will continue its downward trend. He also believes that the rest of the world is going to have a hard time making up this deficit. Oil demand has been rising and Matt Badiali feels that higher oil prices will be in the cards sometime next year.
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Richard Liu Qiangdong is the founder and Chief Executive Officer of one of the biggest eCommerce platforms in China, JD.com. The company is currently worth approximately $57 billion, with Richard Liu having a net worth of $11 billion, according to Forbes. He attended Renmin University of China, earning a degree in sociology, and later earned an EMBA from the China Europe International Business School.
Richard Liu attended this year’s World Economic Forum Annual Meeting, and talked about his early beginnings in the industry and how JD.com came to be. He ventured into the retail business in 1998, selling computer accessories out of a 4-square meter store. His business became more and more successful and by 2003 his company expanded to a total of 12 physical stores. Richard Qiangdong Liu – Bloomberg Billionaires profile. However, due to the SARS outbreak in China, with customers and staff being forced to remain at home, he had to close his stores and out of necessity he started retailing online.
By the end of 2004, all his stores were closed, and Richard Liu focused on eCommerce instead, realizing that eCommerce was the trend for the future, and that the logistics were much more budget-friendly. He felt that back when he started in the retail industry in 1998, the online medium was very chaotic. Once he decided to venture online, he took the decision to not sell any counterfeit products, and to provide a good customer experience. Due to the fact that initially they had a limited amount of money, JD.com was selling IT products, and every year they started adding new categories.
Nowadays, the company has approximately 167,000 employees, with 30,000 being added in 2017 alone. They have 500 logistics centers and can deliver around the world. According to Richard Liu, deliver to Beijing can take as little as 3h. 97% of deliveries in China take 10h, while 57% of deliveries take within 6h. Their most popular products are foods, consumer goods, and fashion related items. When talking about future plans of expansion, Liu noted that expansion will take several steps, bringing the best products to China and then expanding to Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Europe, and ultimately America.
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